Der Cherimoya-Baum, wissenschaftlich als Annona cherimola bekannt, ist ein tropischer Obstbaum, der im südamerikanischen Andenhochland beheimatet ist. Er gehört zur Familie der Annonaceae, zu der auch andere köstliche Früchte wie Soursop und Vanilleapfel gehören. Cherimoya-Bäume werden heute weltweit in verschiedenen Regionen mit geeigneten Klimabedingungen angebaut.
In Europe the the fruit’s popularity and demand have led to successful cultivation attempts in select European areas with suitable climates. Southern regions of Spain, particularly the coastal areas of Andalusia has a favorable climate for cherimoya cultivation. Other Mediterranean countries such as Italy, Greece, and Portugal also have some cherimoya cultivation, albeit on a smaller scale.
The cherimoya tree is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree that can reach heights of 6 to 9 meters. When cultivated, the trees are pruned back to a desired height of around 2 meters. It has a pyramid-like shape with a rounded crown and a relatively short trunk. The leaves are large, oval-shaped, glossy, and deep green in color, providing a lush appearance to the tree.
One of the most distinctive features of the cherimoya tree is its flowers. They are peculiar, fragrant, and unique, with three fleshy outer petals that are greenish-yellow or brownish, and three smaller, more narrow inner petals that are pale yellow or green. The flowers are pollinated by beetles, bees, or flies and develop into the delicious fruit for which the tree is known.
Cultivating cherimoya trees can be a rewarding experience, as they offer both ornamental beauty with their lush foliage and striking flowers, as well as delicious fruits with a unique taste. The tree’s tropical origins and delightful fruit make it a favorite among fruit enthusiasts and gardeners seeking to add exotic flavors to their home orchards.
Cherimoya fruit – Fino de Jete
This is a grafted Cherimoya tree in a 6 liter pot, including pot circa 120cm high. The rootstock is a Cherimoya seedling, with a Fino de Jete cultivar grafted. The Fino de Jete is a specific cultivar of cherimoya (Annona cherimola) known for its exceptional flavor and quality. It is named after the village of Jete in the province of Granada, Spain, where it originated and is primarily cultivated. The Fino de Jete cultivar is highly regarded among cherimoya enthusiasts for its superior taste and unique characteristics.
The Fino de Jete cherimoya has several distinct features that set it apart from other cultivars. The fruit is generally medium to large in size and has a heart-shaped or rounded shape. Its skin is green and covered with small, cone-shaped protuberances or bumps. The surface may also exhibit slight cracks or fissures as the fruit ripens.
What truly makes the Fino de Jete cherimoya standout is its exceptional flavor. The flesh of this cultivar is incredibly creamy, smooth, and custard-like. It has a delicate, sweet taste with subtle hints of tropical flavors such as pineapple, banana, and strawberry. Many consider it to be one of the best-tasting cherimoya varieties available.
How to take care of a Cherimoya tree
- Climate and Location: Cherimoya trees thrive in warm, frost-free climates like most of our trees. Choose a sunny location with well-drained soil. If you live in a colder region, consider growing the tree in a greenhouse or a protected area. It has been proven to fruit also in Berlin for example.
- Watering: Cherimoya trees require regular watering to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water deeply and allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again. During the fruiting season, ensure adequate watering to prevent fruit drop.
- Fertilization: Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer formulated for fruit trees in early spring. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for dosage. Additionally, supplement with organic matter like compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil fertility.
- Pruning: Prune the tree during the dormant season to maintain its shape, remove dead or damaged branches, and improve airflow.
- Pollination: Cherimoya trees are primarily pollinated by beetles, bees, or flies. If you have a small tree or limited pollinators in your area, hand pollination may be necessary. Gently transfer pollen from the male flowers to the female flowers using a small brush or cotton swab.
- Pest and Disease Control: Monitor the tree for common pests like aphids, mites, and fruit flies. Use organic insecticides or horticultural oils if necessary. Watch for signs of fungal diseases like powdery mildew or root rot, and take appropriate measures such as applying fungicides or improving drainage.
- Support: As the tree grows, provide support in the form of stakes or trellises to prevent damage from strong winds or heavy fruit loads.
- Harvesting: Cherimoya fruits are typically harvested when they reach maturity and give slightly to gentle pressure. Depending on the cultivar, the skin may turn slightly yellow or develop cracks as a sign of ripeness. Harvest carefully to avoid bruising.
The Cherimoya tree can be propagated through its seeds or veneer grafting.
To ensure that it’s delivered in perfect condition, your bael tree will be shipped in custom plant mail-order extra heavy cardboard packaging.